This bibliography is a list of works consulted, derived from both popular and academic literature. For a comprehensive bibliography of sources cited in our research, please see the Paper.

Popular Literature
An Introduction to Noise Cancelling Earbuds. Retrieved from

Apple, Inc. Apple In-Ear Headphones. Retrieved from headphones/

Blue, L. (2008). How Bad Are iPods for Your Hearing? Time. Retrieved from,8599,1827159,00.html

Headphone Basics – Choosing the Right Pair (2005). Retrieved from

Macur, J. (2007). Rule Jostles Runners Who Race to Their Own Tune. The New York Times. Retrieved from

Taylor, J. (2010). Technology: Alone in a Crowd, High-tech Style. Psychology Today: The Power of Prime. Retrieved from   prime/201011/technology-alone-in-crowd-high-tech-style

Using an iPod while Driving: Drexel Professor Studies Impact on Driver Performance (2007). Retrieved from

Academic Literature
Bull, Michael (2000). Sounding Out the City: Personal Stereos and the Management of Everyday Life. New York: Oxford.

Benoit, M. et al. Engineering Silence: Active Noise Cancellation. Retrieved from

Blesser, B. (2007). The Seductive (Yet Destructive) Appeal of Loud Music. Hearing (Loss) and Related Issues, Canadian Electroacoustic Community, Montreal, 9.4.

Crane, R. (2005). Social Distance and Loneliness as they Relate to Headphones Used with Portable Audio Technology. California State University Humboldt.

Hassanein, K., Head, M. (2005/6). “The Impact of Infusing Social Presence in the Web Interface: An Investigation Across Different Products”. International Journal of Electronic Commerce (IJEC), 10(2), Winter, 31-55.

Kistler, D.J. & Whiteman, F.L. (1988). Headphone simulation of free-field listening. I: Stimulus   synthesis. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp. 858-867.

Peng, J., Tao, Z. & Huang, Z. (2006). Risk of Damage to Hearing from Personal Listening Devices in Young Adults. The Journal of Otolaryngology, Volume 36, Number 3, 2007

Rämö, J. (2009). Evaluation of an Augmented Reality Audio Headset and Mixer. Helsinki University of Technology.

Sethia, V. (2002). Noise Cancellation in Earphones. Electronic Systems Group, EE Dept, IIT Bombay.

Walker, B.N. (2005). Evaluation of Bone-Conduction Headsets for Use in Multitalker Communication Environments. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 49th Annual Meeting, 2005.

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